neisseria meningitidis

Meningococcal Disease


Adolescent Vaccination Recommendation:
 Routine vaccination with a quadrivalent vaccine that protects against four major meningococcal serogroups (A, C, W, and Y) is recommended for all adolescents at age 11-12 years with a booster dose at age 16 years. Meningococcal serogroup B vaccination is recommended for adolescents with certain high risk conditions, including college students on campuses experiencing outbreaks caused by the serogroup B bacteria. Additionally, serogroup B vaccination may be recommended by healthcare professionals for other individuals age 16-23 years, with a preferred age of 16-18 years. Learn more about serogroup B disease, vaccine insurance coverage, and recent outbreaks on US college campuses.

Talk to your healthcare professional to make sure that your child is fully protected against all serogroups of this deadly disease.

About meningococcal disease
Meningococcal disease is a rare, but dangerous bacterial infection that most often causes meningitis and blood poisoning (sepsis). Even though it is rare, meningococcal disease is of great concern due to its severity and because, while anyone can get meningococcal disease, adolescents and young adults are at increased risk.

Meningococcal infection can spread quickly, killing an otherwise healthy young person within 24-48 hours. Even with rapid treatment, approximately one out of every 10 people who get meningococcal disease will die and up to 20 percent of those who survive will suffer serious and permanent complications including brain damage, kidney damage, hearing loss, and amputations.

Meningitis is the most common manifestation of the disease. Meningitis causes high fever, headache, and stiff neck. Additional symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, severe muscle aches, and mental status changes. Because the early symptoms of meningitis may be similar to symptoms of less severe illnesses, it is often misdiagnosed.

Blood infection, also called sepsis, is less common but more deadly. It may begin with sudden onset of fever, accompanied by fatigue, muscle aches, and headache, and about half of patients develop a prominent purplish rash, usually on the arms and legs.

Resources

Addressing the Challenges of Serogroup B Meningococcal Disease Outbreaks on College Campuses (11/17/14 Webinar)

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID)

Immunizations for Children from Birth Through 6 Years Old

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Immunization schedules for infants and children in easy-to-read formats

Meningitis Information: Emergency Guidelines for the Campus Community

Princeton University

Meningitis Myths and Facts

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID)

Meningitis Resources for Healthcare Professionals

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Meningococcal ACIP Vaccine Recommendations

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Meningococcal Disease

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Meningococcal Disease: Technical & Clinical Information

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Meningococcal Disease Information

Immunization Action Coalition

Meningococcal Vaccination

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Meningococcal Vaccination: Improving Rates in Adolescents

Call to Action discusses disparities, identifies barriers, and outlines strategies to increase meningococcal vaccination rates among all adolescents (June 2010)

Meningococcus Vaccine - Why Do College Students Need It?

A two-minute video from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Vaccine Education Center aimed at educating college students about the importance of getting a meningococcal vaccine. The video offers the perspective of a college student aiming to educate his peers.

Preteen and Teen Vaccines

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (March 2013)

Recommended Immunization Catch-Up Schedule

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Age 0 through 18 Years

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Sample Letter to Parents

This template letter can be personalized and mailed to families to educate them about meningococcal disease prevention and encourage parents to make an immunization appointment for adolescent children. (Updated July 2015)

Standing Orders and Meningococcal Vaccination Recommendations

Immunization Action Coalition (IAC): This document summarizes the CDC recommendations for the use of meningococcal vaccines and how to implement standing orders for administering meningococcal vaccine to children and teens.

UDontGetIt

Pennsylvania adolescent immunization campaign promoting teen vaccines