neisseria meningitidis

Meningococcal Disease


Adolescent Vaccination Recommendation:
Vaccination with a quadrivalent vaccine that protects against four major meningococcal serogroups (A, C, W, and Y) is recommended for all adolescents at age 11-12 years with a booster dose at age 16 years. Two newer vaccines were recently approved in the US that protect against serogroup B, which is now the most common cause of meningococcal disease in US adolescents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has made limited recommendations for their use and is considering additional recommendations. Serogroup B vaccines are currently recommended for people at increased risk of infection, including college students on campuses experiencing outbreaks caused by the serogroup B bacteria. Learn more about recent serogroup B outbreaks on US college campuses.

About meningococcal disease
Meningococcal disease is a rare, but dangerous bacterial infection that most often causes meningitis and blood poisoning. Even though it is rare, meningococcal disease is of great concern due to its severity and because, while anyone can get meningococcal disease, adolescents are at increased risk.

Meningococcal infection can spread quickly, killing an otherwise healthy young person within 48 hours. Even with rapid, appropriate treatment, approximately 10 percent of those who become infected will die and up to 20 percent of survivors will suffer serious and permanent complications including brain damage, hearing loss, and amputations.

Meningitis is the most common manifestation of the disease; it causes high fever, headache, and stiff neck. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and mental status changes. Because the early symptoms of meningococcal meningitis may be similar to symptoms of less severe illnesses, it is often misdiagnosed.

Blood infection, also called bacteremia or sepsis, is less common but more deadly. It may begin with sudden onset of fever, accompanied by fatigue, aches, and headache, and about half of patients develop a prominent purplish rash, usually on the arms and legs.

Resources

ACIP Updated Recommendations for the Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease

Addressing the Challenges of Serogroup B Meningococcal Disease Outbreaks on College Campuses (11/17/14 Webinar)

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases

Immunizations for Children from Birth Through 6 Years Old

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Immunization schedules for infants and children in easy-to-read formats

Meningitis Information: Emergency Guidelines for the Campus Community

Princeton University

Meningitis Myths and Facts

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases

Meningitis Resources for Healthcare Professionals

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Meningococcal Disease

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Meningococcal Disease: Technical & Clinical Information

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Meningococcal Disease Information

Immunization Action Coalition

Meningococcal Vaccination

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Meningococcal Vaccination: Improving Rates in Adolescents

Discusses disparities, identifies barriers, and outlines strategies to increase meningococcal vaccination rates among all adolescents

Meningococcus Vaccine - Why Do College Students Need It?

A two-minute video from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Vaccine Education Center aimed at educating college students about the importance of getting a meningococcal vaccine. The video offers the perspective of a college student aiming to educate his peers.

Preteen and Teen Vaccines

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Recommended Immunization Catch-Up Schedule

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Age 0 through 18 Years

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Sample Letter to Parents

This template letter can be personalized and mailed to families to educate them about meningococcal disease prevention and encourage parents to make an immunization appointment for adolescent children.

Standing Orders and Meningococcal Vaccination Recommendations

Immunization Action Coalition (IAC): This document summarizes the CDC recommendations for the use of meningococcal vaccines and how to implement standing orders for administering meningococcal vaccine to children and teens.

UDontGetIt

Pennsylvania adolescent immunization campaign promoting teen vaccines