HPV (Human papillomavirus)

 

  • Adolescent Vaccination Recommendation: Routine administration is recommended for males and females at 11-12 years of age as a three-dose series at 0, 2, and 6 months. It is also recommended for females age 13 through 26 years and males age 13 through 21 years, who did not get any or all of the recommended vaccine doses when they were younger. Males may receive the vaccine through 26 years of age and should contact their doctor to see if vaccination is appropriate for them.

About human papillomavirus

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of more than 100 viruses that are usually spread through sexual contact. HPV has been associated with cervical cancer and anogenital cancers such as cancer of the vulva, vagina, penis, and anus. Some studies also support a role of genital types of HPV in non-genital cancers including oral cavity and throat cancers. 

There are currently two vaccines available to prevent infection with HPV (Cervarix® and Gardasil®). Both vaccines can be given to females; only Gardasil® can be given to males. Both vaccines protect against strains 16 and 18; these strains are responsible for about 70 percent of cervical cancers. Gardasil® also protects against strains 6 and 11, which are associated with 90 percent of genital warts. HPV infection can also be prevented by abstaining from sexual contact. Neither vaccine eliminates the need for cervical cancer screening, because the vaccines do not protect against all HPV infections that cause cervical cancer.

Resources

About HPV

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Cervical Cancer Screening

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC): What you should know about cervical cancer screening

Close the Door to Cancer

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Watch this video about protecting your pre-teen and teens against HPV

Frequently Asked Questions for Patients Concerning HPV Vaccination

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)

HPV Radio Public Service Announcement (2012) - 30 Seconds

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID): This 30-second PSA highlights HPV as a cause of throat cancer in males and recommends vaccination to prevent HPV infection

HPV is a Serious Disease... Make Sure Your Child is Protected!

Immunization Action Coalition (IAC): HPV fact sheet for parents

HPV Vaccines: What Providers Need to Know

California STD/HIV Prevention Training Center video featuring Dr. Ina Park

Human Papillomavirus (HPV): Questions and Answers: Information about the Disease and Vaccines

Immunization Action Coalition (IAC): Share this HPV fact sheet with parents and patients

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines

National Cancer Institute: Fact Sheet

Human Papillomavirus Vaccines FAQ

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG): Answers to frequently asked questions about HPV vaccination

HPV Legislation Overview

National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)

HPV Vaccine - Questions and Answers

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC): Frequently asked questions about HPV and HPV vaccination

HPV Vaccine Information for Young Women - Fact Sheet

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC): Information about HPV vaccination for young women

Is there a Vaccine for HPV?

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP): This article discusses the available HPV vaccines and vaccine recommendations

Pre-teen Immunization: Addressing Common Concerns

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): Answers to important questions parents will ask about HPV vaccination for their child

Protect Yourself from HPV… Get Vaccinated!

Immunization Action Coalition (IAC): Share this HPV fact sheet with your patients

Put "HPV Cancer Prevention" on Your Back-to-School Checklist

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC): Article on the importance of HPV vaccination to prevent cancers caused by HPV

Standing Orders for Administering Human Papillomavirus Vaccine to Children and Teens

Immunization Action Coalition

Talking to Your Parents about HPV Vaccine

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): A fact sheet for patients about HPV, vaccination, and how to talk about it with their parents

Talking to your Pre-teen about HPV Vaccine (AAP)

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): A fact sheet for parents about HPV, vaccination, and how to talk about it with their preteen

Why your Doctor says you should get all 3 HPV Vaccine Shots

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): This one-page infographic for patients and parents summarizes why a full three-dose series of HPV vaccination is so important